Historically, anabolic steroids were made to treat specific conditions — such as endocrine diseases, muscle wasting disorders and hormone imbalances — in a safe and legal manner. These pharmaceutical drugs resemble hormones that are produced by the body naturally. Nonetheless, some athletes also use anabolic steroids illegally, to give them an edge over their competitors.
These chemicals can be illicitly consumed to improve stamina, recovery, physical strength and muscle mass. All of these things can be helpful to athletes. Typically, athletes use them because they cut down the amount of time it takes to make progress and recover after training sessions. This is particularly problematic in combat sports, like boxing, where the lives of athletes can be put at risk. Unfortunately, incidents of boxers failing drugs tests have increased alarmingly in recent years. Doctors do not endorse the use of this medication. Due to this, anabolic steroids are banned in virtually all professional sports organizations worldwide.
Certain medical conditions reduce levels of hormones, which has a negative impact on metabolism. Once the metabolic rate rises, unwanted weight loss may happen. Some anabolic steroids can stabilize metabolic rates, particularly in postmenopausal women and breast cancer sufferers. Synthetic testosterone can be used to treat serious cases of anemia as well, although it is not normally prescribed to patients who need to lose weight.
Most of the time, anabolic steroids are used to treat male hormone problems and delayed puberty in teenagers. Typically, doctors prescribe methyltestosterone or fluoxymesterone , to be orally consumed by patients on a daily basis. In addition, skin patches are often used to gradually release the hormone. Testosterone enanthate and testosterone cypionate are injectable forms of anabolic steroids.
People who abuse these substances run the risk of encountering dangerous side effects and diseases linked to needle injection, like HIV. Athletes who take these chemicals to enhance their performance can ingest them in liquid or tablet form, inject them intramuscularly or even absorb them using topical lotions. Examples of steroid abuse side effects include acne, liver damage, cardiovascular damage and hardening of arteries. Problems typical for women include absence of menstrual cycle, loss of hair, and masculinizing characteristics like facial hair or reduced breast size. Side effects for men include testicular damage (and sometimes a reduction in size), infertility and breast enlargement. These types of health conditions are the main reason why most countries forbid the use of these drugs altogether.
In America, anabolic steroids are classed as Schedule III drugs, and possessing them without a prescription is illegal. Punishments for this crime include fines, or even custodial sentences if the offenses are linked to supplying. In many countries, steroids are classed as controlled substances, however possessing them may not be regarded as a punishable crime in other parts of the world. In Mexico, for example, these drugs can be bought legally, so some American citizens choose to travel there to acquire them. People who do this, then travel back with them to America, could face fines or prison time if the quantity of drugs is big enough.